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To Be The Least Is To Be The First



The disciples of Jesus had been discussing among them on the way to Jerusalem who was the greatest and He said to them: “If anyone wishes to be first, he shall be the last of all and the servant of all.” (Mk 9:35).

Let us find out who is the least of all and why is the man who is the last of all, the first?


J. Hervieux wrote: “The ancient society of Jews had not been concerned about children. They should have regarded them as adults of the future. Instead, they regarded them as unimportant. Tradition had told people exclude children from the religious community because of their ignoring Laws. (J. Hervieux, L’evangile de Marc, Centurion, pp.135-136).

That Jesus advised His disciples to be the last of all and to receive any child in His name, told us that the last of all is the child i.e. the poor, the abadoned or the downtrotted”. (Fiches domonicales, Dimanche 25. année B ).

To Evangelist Mark, Jesus is the least of all because He was handed over by the chief priests and the elders, to be killed on the cross. This being handed over was predicted in the book of Wisdom. (Wisdom 2:12, 17-20).And, to James, the poor in spirit are the ones who have no jealousy and selfish ambition (Jam 3:16-4:3).


To Paul, the first must be the person who wins the reward of eternal life (1Cor 9:24). But Jesus said: “If anyone who wishes to be the first, he shall be the last of all and the servant of all” (Mk (9:35).

In fact, in coming to the world the Messiah came to save the last of all, i.e. the poor in realty and in spirit. As the Blessed Virgin Mary said:

“He has shown might with His arm,

Dispersed the arrogant of mind and heart.

He has thrown down the rulers from their thrones

But lifted up the lowly.

The hungry he has filled with good things,

The rich he sent away empty handed” (Lc 1:51-53).

Jesus must be the first because He was the last of all when He died on the Cross and rose again (Mk 9:31)

The last is truly the first “for the foolishness of God is wiser than human wisdom”(1 Cor1:25). Ask yourselves whether you are the least?

Written by J.Rao



Trên đường về Giê-ru-sa-lem, các môn đệ Chúa bàn cãi xem ai là người lớn nhất rồi Chúa phán: “ Nếu ai muốn làm người đầu thì hãy làm người cuối và làm đầy tớ mọi người”(Mc 9:35). Chúng ta hãy xem ai là người cuối và tại sao người cuối lại là người đầu?


Giu-se He-vi-ơ viết: “ Xã hội Do-thái xưa không quan tâm đến trẻ con. Thay vì họ nên coi chúng như người lớn trong tương lai thì họ lại coi chúng như “ đồ vô giá trị”. Truyền thống tôn giáo bảo người ta loại trẻ em khỏi cộng đoàn lấy lý do chúng không biết Luật” ( Gs.He-vi-ơ, Phúc-âm Th.Mát-cô, Nxb.Centurion, tr.135-136).

Việc Chúa khuyên môn đệ làm người cuối và đón nhận em bé nhân danh Ngài cho chúng ta biết người cuối chính là trẻ con nghĩa là người nghèo,bị bỏ rơi,bị loại trừ.( Fiches domonicales, Chúa Nhật 25,năm B ).

Đối với Thánh ký Mát-cô, Chúa Giê-su là người cuối vì ngài đã bị nộp vào tay các thượng tế và kỳ lão rồi chịu chết trên thập giá . Sự trao nộp này đã được tiên báo trong sách Khôn Ngoan ( Kng 2:12,17-20). Còn đối với Th.Gia-cô-bê, người nghèo trong tinh thần là người không có lòng vị kỷ và ghen tương(Gcb3:16-4:3).


Đối với Th.Phao-lô, người đầu phải là người thắng giải sự sống đời đời trong cuộc chay đua.(1 Cor 9:24).Nhưng Chúa Giê-su thì phán: “ Ai muốn làm người đầu thì hãy làm người cuối và làm đầy tớ mọi người”( Mc 9:35).

Thật vậy Đấng Thiên-sai đến trần gian là để cứu người cuối tức người nghèo tinh thần cũng như vật chất như Đức Ma-ri-a hát:

“ Chúa đã vung cánh tay thần lực,
Dẹp tan phường lòng trí kiêu căng.
Hạ bệ những ai quyền thế,
Và nâng cao người phận nhỏ.
Kẻ đói Ngài ban của đầy dư ,
Người giàu Ngài đuổi về tay không” (Lc 1:51-53).
Chúa Giê-su phải là người đầu vì đã là người cuối khi bị treo trên thập giá và sống lại (Mc 9:31).

Người cuối thực sự là người đầu “Vì cái điên dại của Chúa còn khôn hơn cái khôn của loài người” (1 Cor 1:25).Bạn tự hỏi xem bạn có là người cuối không?

Chuyên mục:Uncategorized
  1. Nguyễn Văn Mơ
    Tháng Chín 23, 2012 lúc 11:58 sáng


    Twenty-Fifth Sunday in Ordinary Time / B

    THE BATTLE WITHIN.Today’s readings highlight the battle between good and evil. The virtuous person in today’s First Reading, and Jesus in the Gospel, both suffer greatly at the hands of the godless. But as James notes in today’s Second Reading, and as we see in Jesus’ disciples, the battle between good and evil is waged within each one of us as well. While we give thanks to God for the good within us, we also acknowledge the part of ourself that is drawn to evil and humbly seek God’s mercy.

    Resp Psalm Ps 53:3-6, 8. R. v. 6

    R. The Lord upholds my life.

    1. O God, save me by your name; / by your
    power, uphold my cause. / O God, hear my
    prayer; / listen to the words of my mouth. R.

    2. For proud men have risen against me, /
    ruthless men seek my life. / They have no
    regard for God. R.

    3. But I have God for my help. / The Lord
    upholds my life. / I will sacrifice to you with
    willing heart / and praise your name for it is
    good. R.

    Communion Antiphon Ps 118:4-5

    You have laid down your precepts to be
    carefully kept;
    may my ways be firm in keeping your statutes.

  2. Nguyễn Văn Mơ
    Tháng Chín 24, 2012 lúc 3:15 sáng

    The World of the Gospel


    People of the Mediterranean world lived by the value of honour and shame. One’s honour was held more precious than wealth and other material possessions. It was not unusual for individual and clans to fight for ‘honour,’ that is, for public acknowledgement of their worth. The confrontations between Jesus and his detractors, especially the Pharisees, are part of this culture that values public acclaim.

    The disciples of Jesus are men of this culture.Even though they are not very prominent, they try to outdo one another for higher position. Thus, they argue among themselves about who is the greatest.

    Jesus himself values honour. He debates with the teachers of the law to preserve his honour and credibility as one coming from God. But for him, true honour is bestowed by God, not by human beings. For him, honour means being pleasing to God through obedience which entails rendering humble service to men and women, which leads to embracing the cross.

    The Gospels teach that a person is honoured not by claiming power and greatness, but by allowing oneself to be honoured by God, who raises the lowly and humbles the proud and mighty. In today’s Gospel, Jesus places a child before his disciples and says that whoever desires to be great must first learn to be truly small. And humility must be revealed in service to the least members of society. In serving and loving the most needy, we serve and love Jesus.

    Fr Gil Alinsangan SSP

  3. Nguyễn Văn Mơ
    Tháng Chín 24, 2012 lúc 9:56 sáng


    May the God who gives endurance and encouragement
    give you a spirit of unity among yourselves
    as you follow Christ Jesus,
    so that with one heart and mouth you may glorify
    the God and Father of our Lord Jesus Christ.

    Psalm 141:1, 3-4 (NIV)

  4. Nguyễn Văn Mơ
    Tháng Chín 25, 2012 lúc 2:46 sáng


    Be pleased, O Lord, to remember my friends,
    all that have prayed for me, and all that have done me
    Do thou good to them,
    and return all their kindness double into their own bosom.
    Rewarding them with blessings, sanctifying them with thy
    grace, and bringing them at last to thy glory.

    After Jeremy Taylor

  5. Nguyễn Văn Mơ
    Tháng Chín 26, 2012 lúc 9:44 sáng


    Grant us grace, our Father, to do our work this day
    as workmen who need not be ashamed.
    Give us the spirit of diligence and honest enquity
    in our quest for the truth,
    the spirit of charity in all our dealings with our fellows,
    And the spirit of gaiety, courage, and a quiet mind
    in facing all tasks and responsibilities.

    Reinhold Niebuhr

  6. Nguyễn Văn Mơ
    Tháng Chín 27, 2012 lúc 1:03 sáng


    O Lord, enable me to learn today some things I never knew before, to love somebody I never loved before.
    Let the Spirit which was in Jesus, move within me.
    Bless all those who touch my life this day – bless the friendly smile, the good plan shared, the pooling of skills.Where opportunities for joy are close at hand, save me from lifting my eyes continually to distant places.
    Let the large purposes of your kingdom, my glad response.
    So may this day be enriched for me in giving – and for others about me in sharing.
    Hasten the day when the ways of war and suffering and confusion will give place to justice and peace in the earth.

    Rita F. Snowden

  7. Nguyễn Văn Mơ
    Tháng Chín 28, 2012 lúc 1:12 sáng

    How easy for me to live with you, O Lord!
    How easy for me to believe in you!
    When my mind parts in bewilderment or falters,
    When the most intelligent people see no further than this day’s end
    and do not know what must be done tomorrow,
    You grant me the serene certitude that you exist
    and that you will take care
    that not all the paths of good be closed.

    Aleksandr Solzhenitsyn

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